personal gain from voting is vanishingly small. Human social groups are psychologically very salient entities (8)as Pinker acknowledges. Beyond revenge : the evolution of the forgiveness instinct (1st.). Social selection and the origins of culture. The Evolution of Eusociality. "Do not steal a clan member's cattle, but essay sadie and maud the cattle of other clans are for brave men to steal" or "Do not steal the cattle of someone from your tribe, but the cattle of other tribes are for brave men to steal". Share on Facebook, rich Lowry is editor of, national Review. First, as elucidated by Richard Lewontin in 1970, natural selection applies to any entity that follows certain rules.
The authors have not even attempted to show that this is the case. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Now we don't have to make that leap. 3 The claimed "failures" of individual selection explanations for various empirical findings are extremely weak and polemical (e.g., Henrich's claim that evolutionary psychological approaches predict cross-cultural uniformity in measured behavior is simply baffling, since adaptations like the language acquisition device or reciprocation systems take local. 13 In a laboratory version of a Public Goods game, participants are allocated a sum of money and invited to contribute as much as they want to a communal pot, which is then multiplied by the experimenter and divided evenly among them. Theories of human nature cannot seriously be tested using only weird people. Selection among groups is one such mechanism: groups vary, these variations affect their success in competition with other groups, and the descendant groups resemble their parents. I'd tried to read a few philosophy books. But we should never forget that this is only a convenient (in my view not always very convenient) approximation to what is really going on, which is that replicators (genes in the Williams sense) are striving to maximise their own survival.
Essay on mistaken identity